The #1 Sleeping Disorder… You Can’t Run and You Can’t Hide They Will Find You While You Sleep… The Good News is a DPC Specialist will Eradicate them…
What You Need To Know
Order Hemiptera; Family Cimicidae; Common Bed Bug (Cimex lectularius Linnaeus).
- Is an ectoparasite, primarily of humans.
- Adult 1/5 to 1/8 inch wide. Head is broad and fitted into concave anterior part of the thorax. Antennae have 4 segments. Eyes are prominent and pigmented.
- Flattened reddish brown, oval body swells and lengthens after feeding on host. Viewed from above, has 8 segments of more or less equal size.
- Have piercing-sucking mouth parts which they use to take blood meals from host. Proboscis has 3 segments.
- Mating copulation is called “traumatic insemination” whereby male forcibly penetrates the females’ abdominal wall. Female lays about 200 eggs (average 2 – 5 per day over lifetime). Elongated, nearly microscopic, typically found in and around the hosts bedding in sheltered locations.
- Under average conditions eggs hatch in 6 to 17 days. Nymphs will be tiny, almost colorless (until first feeding) and resemble adults.
- Nymphs undergo gradual metamorphosis through 5 molts called “instars” to reach adulthood.
- Variability in the maturation rate of individuals; thus, an infestation will exhibit Individuals in all stages of development.
- Nymphs must take a blood meal from host between each instar in order to molt and mature.
- Under average conditions the nymphal periods takes 14 to 30 days. But it can take a year or more under harsher conditions.
- Will mate soon after maturing so one generation (egg to egg) can be as short as 4 to 9 weeks.
- Adults are hardy and can survive adverse temperature conditions and starvation for a year or more.
- Humans are the preferred food source for Cimex lectularius Linnaeus (common bed bug), but it will also feed from rats mice, chickens, dogs, and cats.
- Normally feed at night but are diurnal in places such as offices and movie theaters that are normally only active during the day. Young (nymphs) and adults take about 5 – 10 minutes to fully feed from the host. Adults feed 3 – 4 times per week.
- Little evidence that bed bugs carry disease pathogens under normal conditions, so not considered an important vector agent of diseases.
- Bites may cause severe welts and irritation in some hosts (due to an allergic reaction to bed bug saliva) and little reaction in others. Constant biting may cause insomnia in hosts.
- Bite marks epically around face, neck, hands, and feet. Bite marks may appear in a random pattern but are often in a straight line.
- Bed bugs inject an anesthetic and an anti-coagulant while feeding on a host. Marks appear in 1 – 3 days (up to 14 days).
- Flattened body enables Cimex lectularius Linnaeus to hide in/behind; small seams, cracks, clothing, wall paper, upholstery, floor molding, drapery, photograph frames, headboards/footboards/bed frames, door casings, window frames, light fixtures…
- Migratory and will wonder up to 100 feet at night into adjoining rooms in the building but prefer to stay within 8 feet of hosts bedding.
- Cimex lectularius is cosmopolitan in distribution in that it is found worldwide and can be found anywhere people sleep; hotels, cruise ships, trains, airplanes, boarding houses, dorm rooms, homes, prisons…
- Even if no specimens are seen, blood spots on bedding, cast off exoskeletons from molting, and fecal spots are positive indications of an infestation.
- Give off a distinct oily odor from glands that experienced pest management techs can readily detect.
- One known mechanical device is able to be reused for bed bug detecting. Discreet Pest Control offers this service at a reasonable rate.
- Discreet Pest Control insists upon inspection and positive identification when dealing with any pest is required in order to evaluate and treat effectively.